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What are the 4 Elements of Landscape Design? Landscaping in Ellicott City, Clarksville, Glenwood, Glenelg, Howard County, MD, and the Surrounding Areas

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Understanding the Elements of Landscape Design


Balance: A state of equalized tension and equilibrium. Balance in visual design may include symmetry and asymmetry.

Creating balance is one of the many challenges of landscape design, however, it is of utmost importance. Balance incorporates the whole picture to ensure that landscapes not only look great from all angles but make sense within a property’s structure.

Lines & Flow

Lines & Flow: The line is an element of art defined by a point moving in space. Lines can be vertical, horizontal, diagonal, or curved, and any width or texture.

Using hardscaping materials/methods such as water features, patios, decks, and pavers, landscape designers merge areas to create aesthetic flow and appeal. Lines and flow are what bring the different landscaping elements together.


Repetition: The use of the same motif multiple times. When a motif is repeated over and over again, it results in a pattern.

Landscape designers use the idea of repetition to repeat patterns and elements for a familiar and consistent appearance that looks professional and orderly.

Contrast & Interest

Contrast & Interest: When the design deviates from the repeated elements, you create contrast. Contrasting elements make the focal point stand out.

Attractive landscape designs include contrast to give texture/depth to landscapes. Through the use of retaining walls, shrubs, trees, hardscaping, and other unique features, landscapers can enhance even the simplest outdoor area.

Landscape Installation

Turn a Dream Outdoor Living Space Into Reality

By combining the four elements of landscape design, we help homeowners and businesses transform their outdoor space into a haven of relaxation. But we don’t just stop at landscaping! We also provide a range of other property services to enhance outdoor areas. We design and install composite decks, patios, outdoor kitchens, custom pools, custom outdoor structures, and much more. For all of your outdoor enhancements and landscape installation needs, our full-service landscaping team offers project management from inception to completion.


View Our Galleries for Examples of These Design Elements

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